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Lamport Prize Lee M. Lamport Prize Nathaniel L. Lamport Prize Marc A. Thomas Memorial Award Grace M. Lamport Prize Alexandra R. Lamport Prize Kathryn N. Thomas Memorial Award Katherine A. Thomas Memorial Award David A. Thomas Memorial Award Rachel G. Bourne The Clarkson A. Beaty The Samuel C. Brown Prize in Military History. Best thesis in United States history; before , awarded to male student producing best paper on the merchant marine.

Theses or papers on international understanding, with emphasis on cooperation and tolerance. Women student who presents the best paper written as a class assignment in an American history course. Lamport Prize in International Understanding.

Department of History

Lamport Prize. Otis B. Virginia A.

Many students were arrested. This pamphlet recounts the beginning of the student sit-in movement organized by NAACP youth councils. The efforts of Luper and the Youth Council succeeded in desegregating lunch counters at all the stores of a major drug store chain in four states and nearly all the restaurants in Oklahoma City.

Elaine Massacre: The bloodiest racial conflict in U.S. history - Dark History - New York Post

Despite beatings, arrests, jailing of protesters, and a bombing, six stores agreed in May to desegregate their lunch counters. Diane Nash b. Many believed this incident to be a turning point that led to the desegregation of six lunch counters in Nashville stores a few weeks later. Civil rights activist Marilyn Luper b. The title is derived from a quote by civil rights leader A.

Masses of Negroes are marching onto the stage of history and demanding their freedom now!

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In the spring of , SNCC emerged as a major force in the civil rights movement through its involvement in the Freedom Rides and other nonviolent protests across the South. This project put enormous pressure on President Johnson to move toward what would later become the Civil Rights Act of and the Voting Rights Act of Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.

CV | Colin Adams

Statement of Purpose, The Civil Rights Act of strengthened the provisions of the act for court enforcement of voting rights and required preservation of voting records. It also included limited criminal penalty provisions related to bombing and obstruction of federal court orders, aimed particularly at school desegregation. In this letter, Clarence Mitchell reports on his meeting with Majority Leader Lyndon Johnson to discuss the bill and the need for closer coordination on civil rights propositions between Johnson and Senate liberals. Clarence Mitchell to Roy Wilkins, March 2, John F.

Kennedy — was born in Brookline, Massachusetts. He graduated from Harvard College in He won 70 percent of the black vote in a tight election defeating opponent Richard Nixon. As president, Kennedy appointed an unprecedented number of blacks to government posts and believed that executive action and executive orders would be the only effective tools to advance civil rights. However, Kennedy argued the issue of civil rights could divide the Democratic Party and cost him the chance to pass other vital legislation. President John F.

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Prints and Photographs Division , Library of Congress He was named labor secretary in In this capacity, he filed hundreds of lawsuits against labor unions and industries that refused integration or fair employment practices. He also used picket lines and mass demonstrations as weapons. Recognized as a major authority on race and labor, Hill testified frequently on Capitol Hill and served as a consultant for the United Nations and the State of Israel.

Herbert Hill. On March 6, President Kennedy issued Executive Order creating the Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity to combat discrimination in government employment and in private employment stemming from government contracts. Washington, D. Government Printing Office, By the end of the plant had hired more than two-hundred black workers and promoted fifty-nine.

Representative Patsy T. Mink D-HI — was the first woman of color to be elected to Congress. Mink, a third generation Japanese American was born and raised on Maui. She received her law degree from the University of Chicago Law School in Returning to Hawaii, Mink served in the State Senate when Hawaii became the fiftieth state and delivered a speech during the Democratic National Convention convincing the party to maintain its stance on civil rights.

Mink was elected to Congress in and served a total of six consecutive terms. Patsy T. Envelope, July 12, Virginia , which held that segregation in railway and bus terminal facilities serving interstate passengers was illegal. On May 14, in Anniston, Alabama, one bus was firebombed and riders on another were assaulted. In this letter, Farmer asks A. Philip Randolph for help in raising money to support the Freedom Rides.

James Farmer to A. Philip Randolph, April 4, They were met in Montgomery by a riotous mob.

Among the injured was John Seigenthaler b. Throughout the summer more than Freedom Riders came by bus, plane, and train to Jackson, Mississippi, where they were arrested on breach of peace and jailed in Parchman Prison. This document chronicles events involving the Freedom Rides and corresponding actions taken by civil rights organizations and government agencies from May 21 to July 19, Manuscript Division , Library of Congress Journalist Moses Newson b. This Associated Press release includes a map and descriptive text not shown that illustrates the routes taken and the history behind the freedom rides.

Background Map: Freedom Rides. C E Printed map.

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Geography and Map Division , Library of Congress Whitney Young, Jr. The same year, he became director of industrial relations for the St. Paul Urban League and, in , moved to Omaha to serve as executive secretary. Under his leadership, Atlanta became one of the top social work schools in the South.

In he became executive director of the National Urban League, and later he proposed a domestic recovery program to increase economic and educational opportunities for blacks. Whitney M. Young, Jr.